Creating safer working environments is largely due to legislative and regulatory requirements. Gradually, however, organizations have become increasingly proactive in workplace safety, recognizing this as an effective tool for risk management, which not only creates a better working environment but also more profitable
Workplace safety, traditionally dominated by a specific area – and regulatory compliance – most important area. Companies, in particular global businesses, recognize the economic and management benefits of moving from on-site solutions and include corporate-level security management systems
Companies from and within the United States are affiliated with the Office of Occupational Safety and Health (OHSA) ) according to the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act (19459004). This law requires all employers covered by the law to have safe and secure workplaces and employment as well as statutory norms. In addition, authorizes the United States Department of Labor to conduct investigations and propose sanctions for breach of the law; There are currently more than 2,000 national supervisors and more than 200 offices operating nationwide to provide technical and investigative support to ensure law enforcement and compliance.
Companies initially responded to these regulations by department. These systems are primarily designed to keep records and announce major events, thereby ensuring compliance with the provisions of the law. In addition, the systems were generally class-specific and focused on precise areas defined by law (such as waste management, event tracking, and combustion emissions management); while larger companies tend to rely on external systems developed by consulting firms, many have developed their own in-house solutions. In both cases, this has resulted in systems being implemented per site, regardless of the cohesion, enterprise-level application. Even today, many companies still work on patchwork systems that have difficulties in exchanging information and reporting, as well as key issues in managing and sharing EH & S information.
at the end of the 90s by creating a project team for Health and Safety Consulting Services (OHSAS). This international cooperation aims to address the confusion and fragmentation of global health and safety systems through the establishment of a single approach. In 1999, the group published the OHSAS 18000 series, which had two specifications: 18001, which required the OHS management system requirements; and 18002, which provided implementation guidelines. 18001 was specifically designed to enable companies to develop and record integrated quality, environmental and work safety and health systems.
In addition to the global initiative, companies increasingly include environmental and security issues, they are increasingly becoming a risk management issue, which results in systems being systematically developed and implemented, rather than just reporting and gathering information to prevent the incident. With greater globalization of companies, this means comprehensive systems, summaries and reports on more jurisdictional issues
Moreover, it is no longer considered sufficient for EH & S systems to function independently of other business management systems. In order to ensure a comprehensive and effective application of the OHSAS framework and fully comply with state-level regulatory requirements, systems should ideally work in parallel with the company's global enterprise resource planning and should be recognized as a key element. This requires the application and integration of basic security modules, including: Verification and verification; Incident Management; Document management; Training and staff management;
Finally, in order to ensure effective risk management and overall compliance while maintaining a global presence, the company's EH & S systems should be "based" with the appropriate line leaders to ensure cohesion and widely accepted application, comprehensive integration with existing systems. Flexibility and accessibility is also essential in order to ensure the effective enterprise-wide reporting of key personnel
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